## Course Outline

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Stopping a snowmobile is trickier than stopping a wheeled vehicle on a street or trail. To ensure that you can stop safely in any situation, you must be able to calculate a safe speed based on stopping distances.

• Maintaining a safe speed allows you to control your machine and stop in time to avoid a collision.
• The greater the speed, the greater the stopping distance.
• To determine a safe speed, you must know stopping distances and how to factor in sight distance and reaction time.

## Sight Distance

Sight distance is the distance from which you can see and identify a hazard, not necessarily the total distance you can see. You often see an object before you’re able to identify it as a hazard. If the stopping distance to an object is greater than the sight distance, you’re in danger of hitting the object.

## Reaction Time

Reacting to a sudden need to stop involves these steps:

• Seeing something
• Recognizing it’s a hazard
• Deciding what to do
• Braking or steering around the object

## Reaction Time Distance

Reaction time distance is the distance the snowmobile travels during the time it takes you to react.

• The distance depends on the reaction time (in seconds) and speed (in feet per second) and is calculated as:
Reaction Time Distance = Reaction Time × Speed.
• Accidents occur in just a few seconds, so think of your speed in feet per second (multiply mph by 1.46667).
• 15 mph = 22 feet per second
• 30 mph = 44 feet per second
• 45 mph = 66 feet per second
• 60 mph = 88 feet per second
• At 30 mph with a reaction time of three seconds, the reaction time distance is 132 feet (3 sec. x 44 ft./sec.).
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